港澳台图库

Top 10 Most Challenged Books of 2023

TOP 10 MOST CHALLENGED BOOKS OF 2023. FREED BETWEEN THE LINES

The 港澳台图库 condemns censorship and works to defend each person's right to read under the First Amendment and to ensure free access to information. Every year, ALA's Office for Intellectual Freedom (OIF) compiles a list of the Top 10 Most Challenged Books in order to inform the public about censorship in libraries and schools. The lists are based on information from reports filed by library professionals and community members, as well as听news stories published throughout the United States.

Because many book challenges are not reported to the 港澳台图库or covered by the press, the Top Most Challenged Books lists and data compiled by 港澳台图库represent only a snapshot of book challenges. A challenge to a book may be resolved in favor of retaining the book in the collection, or it can result in a book being restricted or withdrawn from the library.

港澳台图库 4,240 unique book titles targeted for censorship in 2023鈥攁 65% surge over 2022 numbers鈥攁s well as 1,247 demands to censor library books, materials, and resources. Pressure groups focused on public libraries in addition to targeting school libraries. The number of titles targeted for censorship at public libraries increased by 92% over the previous year, accounting for about 46% of all book challenges in 2023.

Of the record 4,240 unique titles targeted for censorship, the most challenged and reasons cited for censoring the books are listed below.

Looking for the most challenged books from previous years? Check out the Top 10 Most Challenged Books Archive for lists and data going back to 2001, as well as the 100 most challenged books of past decades.

Your support matters now more than ever. Donations strengthen ALA's efforts to fight censorship, support libraries and library workers confronting attempts to remove听materials and other resources, and increase awareness about the nationwide assault on the freedom to read. If you're able, please consider donating to the Office for Intellectual Freedom today.


Cover image of "Gender Queer: A Memoir" by Maia Kobabe

1. Gender Queer: A Memoir by Maia Kobabe

Number of challenges: 106

Challenged for: LGBTQIA+ content, claimed to be sexually explicit

Download and Share


Cover image of "All Boys Aren't Blue: A Memoir Manifesto" by George M. Johnson

2. All Boys Aren't Blue by George M. Johnson

Number of challenges: 82

Challenged for: LGBTQIA+ content, claimed to be sexually explicit

Download and Share


Cover image of "This Book Is Gay" by Juno Dawson

3. This Book Is Gay by Juno Dawson

Number of challenges: 71

Challenged for: LGBTQIA+ content, sex education, claimed to be sexually explicit

Download and Share


Cover image of "The Perks of Being a Wallflower" by Stephne Chbosky

4. The Perks of Being a Wallflower by Stephen Chbosky

Number of challenges: 68

Challenged for: claimed to be sexually explicit, LGBTQIA+ content, rape, drugs, profanity

Download and Share


Cover image of "Flamer" by Mike Curato

5. Flamer by Mike Curato

Number of challenges: 67

Challenged for: LGBTQIA+ content, claimed to be sexually explicit

Download and Share


Cover image of "The Bluest Eye" by Toni Morrison

6. The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison

Number of challenges: 62

Challenged for: rape, incest, claimed to be sexually explicit, EDI content

Download and Share


Cover image of "Me and Earl and the Dying Girl" by Jesse Andrews

7/8. (tie)听Me and Earl and the Dying Girl by Jesse Andrews

Number of challenges: 56

Challenged for: claimed to be sexually explicit, profanity

Download and Share


Cover image of "Tricks" by Ellen Hopkins

7/8. (tie) Tricks by Ellen Hopkins

Number of challenges: 56

Challenged for: claimed to be sexually explicit, drugs, rape, LGBTQIA+ content

Download and Share


Cover image of "Let's Talk About It: The Teen's Guide to Sex, Relationships, and Being a Human" by Erika Moen and Matthew Nolan

9. Let's Talk About It: The Teen's Guide to Sex, Relationships, and Being a Human by Erika Moen and Matthew Nolan

Number of challenges: 55

Challenged for: claimed to be sexually explicit, sex education, LGBTQIA+ content

Download and Share


Cover image of "Sold" by Patricia McCormick

10. Sold by Patricia McCormick

Number of challenges: 53

Challenged for: claimed to be sexually explicit, rape

Download and Share


Infographic: Top 10 Most Chalenged Books of 2023: The 港澳台图库 documented 1,247 attempts to censor materials and services at libraries, schools, and universities in 2023. Of the 4,240 unique titles that were challenged or banned in 2023, here are the top 10 most frequently challenged. 1. "Gender Queer" by Maia Kobabe. Reasons: LGBTQIA+ content, claimed to be sexually explicit. 2. "All Boys Aren't Blue" by George M. Johnson. Reasons: LGBTQIA+ content, claimed to be sexually explicit. 3. "This Book Is Gay" by Juno Dawson. Reasons: LGBTQIA+ content, sex education, claimed to be sexually explicit. 4. "The Perks of Being a Wallflower" by Stephen Chbosky. Reasons: claimed to be sexually explicit, LGBTQIA+ content, rape, drugs, profanity. 5. "Flamer" by Mike Curato. Reasons: LGBTQIA+ content, claimed to be sexually explicit. 6. "The Bluest Eye" by Toni Morrison. Reasons: rape, incenst, claimed to be sexually explicit, EDI content. 7. (tie) "Me and Earl and the Dying Girl" by Jesse Andrews. Reasons: claimed to be sexually explicit, profanity. 8. (tie) "Tricks" by Ellen Hopkins. Reasons: claimed to be sexually explicit, drugs, rape, LGBTQIA+ content. 9. "Let's Talk About It" by Erika Moen and Matthew Nolan. Reasons: claimed to be sexually explicit, sex education, LGBTQIA+ content. 10. "Sold" by Patricia McCormick. Reasons: claimed to be sexually explicit, rape. Office for Intellectual Freedom, 港澳台图库

Spread the Word

Download the two-page 2023 Infographic

Shareable Graphics
Horizontal | Square

The Top 10 Most Challenged Books of 2023 infographic was released as part of the 2024 State of America's Libraries Report on Monday, April 8. View the full report.

Find more data about 2023 book ban attempts here.


Frequently Challenged Books

港澳台图库analyzes censorship data and compiles lists of challenged books in order to inform the public about censorship efforts that affect libraries and schools. Explore challenges of past years with our collection of Field Reports, as well as lists of the most challenged books of the last three decades.

A black and white illustration of the United States

Mapping Challenges to the Freedom to Read

Censorship data from 2023 paints a vivid picture of attempts to ban or restrict library books and resources across the United States. We break down censorship by the numbers.

Learn more


Image of the cover of "The Book Report: Titles Targeted for Censorship 2023"

Coming Soon: The Book Report

The Book Report, formerly known as the Field Report, examines attempts to curtail the freedom to read in 2023, offering more information about censorship attacks on the Top 10 Most Challenged Books of 2023, as well as details on an additional 10 titles. This annual report is the perfect handout for those who don鈥檛 know about the scope of censorship in libraries and for readers who want to stay informed about recent attempts to restrict access to information. Available in the 港澳台图库Store in June.

You can also browse for free on the OIF blog.


100 Most Challenged Books of the Past Decades